Most of the people around the world don’t have knowledge about the largest necropolis of the world which is the identical emblem of the historic city of Sindh, Thatta. Located in the outskirts of Thatta, Makli is a huge burial complex spread over an area 10 Sq. KM consisting of shrines , tombs and graves of hundreds of sovereigns and regal personals , thousands of soldiers and scholars and countless others. Furthermore, according to an estimate over 125,000 saints are also believed to be buried here as well.
The historic Thatta remained the capital of three successive dynasties, Samma, Argun and Tarkhan from 1592 to 1739 and it was also a center of numerous educational institutes where pupils from all over the world used to come for learning religious teachings, philosophy, politics and many other disciplines. So a large number of such students are also buried in Makli Necropolis.
The Makli Necropolis is situated on a raised ground so it is also known as Makli Hill. According to some locals Makli is associated with the meaning of Little Mecca and many others link its name with a pious lady Mai Makli who prayed for Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq to conquer Thatta. She is also buried in Makli. The fantastic designs of the tombs and the artisan work engraved on the graves are worth seen. This place is so awesome to see incredible Islamic calligraphic art, circular designs, amazing domes, arches, and towers.
For understanding Makli Necropolis, we can divide it into three sections pertaining to its time period. The first era of the great Makli is related the Mughal period (16th to 18th centuries) including the tombs of Jan Beg, Ghazali Beg, Tughril Beg, Jan Baba, and others. The second section belongs to Tarkhan and Arghun period (16th century), includes the tombs of Isa Khan Tarkhan, Baqi Beg Tarkhan and Ahinsa Bai etc. The last section is linked with Summa hegemony (14th to 16th centuries) and consists of the tombs of Jam Nizamuddin, Mubarak Khan, and Malik Rajpal etc.
Although Makli has number of impressive monuments but the tomb of the Samma King, Jam Nizam al-Din is a splendid square structure which was constructed with sandstones and decorated with beautiful floral and ornamental designs. The tomb of Isa Khan Tarkhan who died in 1644 is another marvelous monument which is the largest in this whole burial complex. It is actually a double story stone building of glorious towers and balconies .The blue doomed shrine of Jan Beg Tarkhan is an octagonal brick structure which is decorated with aquamarine tiles. Similarly many other tombs possess exquisite carving and influential patterns.
Makli Hill is a world heritage site declared by UNESCO. But this wondrous site of the world is under ultimate state of disarray due to improper conservation and hazardous environmental effects. The delicate monuments continuously deteriorating due to salty air impact caused by the monsoon.