Spanned over an area of approximately 1840 Sq. Km, Fraser Island is considered to be the world’s largest sand island. It is located in the southern coast of Queensland, Australia and has been listed in the World Heritage List of UNESCO. The island is remarkable for its beautiful forests, amazing freshwater inland lakes, and sand dunes. Fraser Island is also the home to diverse flora and fauna, and Aboriginal heritage.
According to the research this stunning island came in to existence after the evolution of almost 800,000 years. The process of perfection in the island is still continued by the various natural formations. Fraser Island is also the center of the world most complex dune systems. Almost 40 lakes of organic matter, such as leaves, bark and dead plants, gradually build up and harden in depressions created by the wind are found on this island. It is also a home of incredible barrage lakes existed due to the blocking of watercourse.
The vegetation of Fraser Island includes the world’s tallest tropical trees up to 50 m at an elevation of 200 m. It has also unique plants of more than 750 species. Kauri pines are largely found in Fraser island however scribbly gums, red gums, piccabeen palms, Blue Quandong, brush box and pandanus all grow on Fraser Island.
Fraser Island is home to more than 230 species of birds – one of the largest and most varied in Australia. Along the beautiful beach sides, we can find dotterels, pied oyster catchers, pelicans, terns and gulls while flying in the sky, we can have the view of splendid species of prey birds like brahminy kites, white-breasted sea eagles, ospreys and peregrine falcons. Kingfishers, jabirus and brolgas, and one of Australia’s rarest birds, the ground parrot, can also be seen on Fraser Island.
There are 25 to 48 species of animals on Fraser Island including swamp wallabies, echidnas, ringtail and brushtail possums, sugar gliders, squirrel gliders, phascogales, bandicoots, potoroos, flying foxes and dingoes. There are 19 species of bats which live on or visit Fraser Island.
Fraser Island was named because of the tales related to a shipwreck survivor known as Eliza Fraser. It is estimated that it was settled by humans almost 5,000 years ago but it was firstly sailed by James Cook in May 1770. Nowadays it has become popular tourist destination around the world.