The Redwood National and State Parks are situated along the coast of Northern California in the United States of America covering an area of 133,000 acres about 325 miles north of San Francisco, Calif. This massive parklands zone stretch from near the Oregon border in the north to the Redwood Creek watershed southeast of Orick, Calif. The Redwood National and State Parks have a huge collection of the most amazing and also the tallest trees in the world.
The whole Redwood Park consists of four separate portions. Mainly Redwood National Park proper and three other state parks, Jedediah Smith, Del Norte Coast Redwoods, and Prairie Creek Redwoods which are under the control of the state of California. Another adjacent area on 51,000 acres contains the reserves of second growth redwood treasures.
The Redwood National and State Parks is a home of the Redwood trees that were used to grow on earth for millions of years. With the evolution the redwood tree species decayed to only three kinds: Coast, Giant Sequoia and Dawn redwoods. The park preserves two of these glorious tree species, the Coast Redwood and Giant Sequoia. According to an estimation these ‘old growth redwoods’ trees can live for 2,000 years and can gain the height exceeding 300 feet . Many other trees existing in the Redwood National and State Parks are 400 to 600 years old. This special pacific coastal area has the ideal climatic condition for the growth of these fabulous trees which suites for their immense height and width. The other prominent trees are the Coast Douglas-fir, which has been measured at heights of over 300 feet . Sitka Spruce the salty air absorbers ,the Hardwood Tanoak acorn producers and other trees such as the Pacific Madrone, Bigleaf Maple, California laurel, and Red Alder are also grown widely throughout the parks.
The Redwood National and State Parks is no doubt an amazing site for wonderful redwood forests but the ecosystem of the park also houses rare fauna lives and its 40 to 50 miles magnificent coastline is also filled with unique marine life and of rocky promontories, beaches. Many endangered animal species such as the Brown Pelican, Tidewater Goby, Bald Eagle, Chinook Salmon, Northern Spotted Owl, and Steller’s Sea Lion are preserved in this area. The forest, groves, and coast area also features many miles of hiking trails, many of them accessible to all visitors.
The excessive logging since the nineteenth century of redwood and giant sequoia trees remained an ultimate threat for their extinction but now many conservation efforts are made to protect the Redwood National and State Parks from logging. The park was declared a world heritage site by the United Nations on September 5, 1980 and an International Biosphere Reserve on June 30, 1983.