The home of famous Komodo Dragons, the Komodo National Park is a natural conservatory that consists of Komodo, Rinca, Padar, and numerous smaller islands of Indonesia. The conservatory spans over more than 1772 sq. km. of area and has been recognized as World Heritage site by UNESCO.
The Komodo National Park was founded to safeguard the world’s largest lizard commonly known as Komodo Dragon (Varanus Komodoensis). It is deemed to be among the world’s largest reptiles. On average, a Komodo Deagon can reach 3 meters or more in length and weighs over 70 kg. According to UNESCO their estimated population is almost 5700 in number.
Besides, Komod Dragons, the national park is also the home of other reptiles like Russel’s Pit viper (Vipera Russeli), the Green Tree viper (Trimeresurus albolabris) and species of other lizards like Geckos (Gekkonidae) and Limbless Lizards (Dibamidae). Moreover mammals like water buffaloes , horses, wild boar and birds of almost 72 species from which Yellow-Crested Cockatoo, Noisy Frair and common Scubhen also inhabit here.
Komodo National Park is is dominated by a range of rounded hills having an elevation of almost 500 to 600 m. The coastline of the Komodo National Park is of random character typified by various bays, beaches and basins segregated by high land areas and steep rocks falling perpendicular into the ocean.
Flora of all the Komodo National Park attributes to the Swannah vegetation and in the coastal areas the mangroves trees are naturally cultivated. Due to the strategic importance and the existence of freshwater reservoirs in the islands of Komodo and Rinca the human settlement has an ancient history which is truly evident from the discovery of Neolithic graves, artifacts and megaliths on Komodo Island.