Bonsai is Japanese art of growing and training plants in trays or small containers. The word bonsai itself means tray (bon) growing (sai).
Bonsai growers prune and train their plants to give them a perfect natural shape. You would often find miniature but very old plants growing in small containers. Bonsai plants are not raised for the purpose of fruits, timber of other medicinal or commercial usage. They are used for ornamental purpose only and can be grown indoor as well as outdoor.
Bonsai experts use several techniques like cutting, layering, pruning, grafting, wiring, defoliation and twigging to shape their plants. A perfect bonsai assumes a natural sculpted shape, healthy bark, strong roots and no marks of cuttings or wounds. Usually, bonsai plants are shaped in upright, slanting, cascade and other styles.
Bonsai is now a popular art among plant lovers around the globe.